If you want to make the best out of your much anticipated Egypt holidays then you should probably read up on our articles about Egypt and its economy for you to get a better idea of what to expect once you arrive in this Middle Eastern nation for your getaway. Our comprehensive directory lists everything you need to know about Egypt from websites that feature popular sports and recreation, politics and religion, Egyptian culture and history, notable tourist spots and exciting places to visit all guaranteed to make your stay truly unforgettable!]|
Egypt - overview:
The regularity and richness of the annual Nile River flood, coupled with semi-isolation provided by deserts to the east and west, allowed for the development of one of the world's great civilizations. A unified kingdom arose circa 3200 B.C. and a series of dynasties ruled in Egypt for the next three millennia. The last native dynasty fell to the Persians in 341 B.C., who in turn were replaced by the Greeks, Romans, and Byzantines. It was the Arabs who introduced Islam and the Arabic language in the 7th century and who ruled for the next six centuries. A local military caste, the Mamluks took control about 1250 and continued to govern after the conquest of Egypt by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. Following the completion of the Suez Canal in 1869, Egypt became an important world transportation hub, but also fell heavily into debt. Ostensibly to protect its investments, Britain seized control of Egypt's government in 1882, but nominal allegiance to the Ottoman Empire continued until 1914. Partially independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile River in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.
Economy - overview:
Lack of substantial progress on economic reform since the mid 1990s has limited foreign direct investment in Egypt and kept annual GDP growth in the range of 2-3 percent in 2001-03. Egyptian officials in late 2003 and early 2004 proposed new privatization and customs reform measures, but the government is likely to pursue these initiatives cautiously and gradually to avoid a public backlash over potential inflation or layoffs associated with the reforms. Monetary pressures on an overvalued Egyptian pound led the government to float the currency in January 2003, leading to a sharp drop in its value and consequent inflationary pressure. The existence of a black market for hard currency is evidence that the government continues to influence the official exchange rate offered in banks. In September 2003, Egyptian officials increased subsidies on basic foodstuffs, helping to calm a frustrated public but widening an already deep budget deficit. Egypt's balance-of-payments position was not hurt by the war in Iraq in 2003, as tourism and Suez Canal revenues fared well. The development of an export market for natural gas is a bright spot for future growth prospects, but improvement in the capital-intensive hydrocarbons sector does little to reduce Egypt's persistent unemployment.
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|AGA - Producer and exporter of frozen fresh vegetables and fruits, juices, jams, and pickles. Includes product information and contact details.
||Al Dhabi Trading & Exporting Co. (ATEC) - Exports produce and grain. Provides product availability and shipping details.
- Aid and Development
|Amnesty International - Egypt - - Ongoing collection of news and reports on the status of human rights.
||Coptic Orphans - A Christian organization aiding orphaned and poverty stricken children in the poorest areas of Egypt.
- Ain Shams University
|Alexandria - The University of South Florida describes the second largest city and the main port of Egypt. Includes a history from Ptolemaic times, visitor guide, picture gallery and maps.
||Alexandria 2000.com - Official web site with pages for current information about the city, monthly events, society pictures, services, and a business index for companies in Alexandria, Borg El Arab, and Amreya Free Zone.
- Alexandria Health
|Dr Wahib Moussa - Dental services from regular cleaning and filling to the most sophisticated dental operations. Branches in Cairo and Alexandria.
||Dr.Ossama Sweedan - Information about the dental clinic and treatments offered; Dr Sweedan is Head of Oral Surgery Department, Alexandria University.
- Alexandria Recreation and Sports
|Alexandria Marathon - The official web site of the event; includes information about different races, application, facilities and services.
- Alexandria University
- Architecture History Egyptian
|The Ancient Egyptian Virtual Temple - Computer-rendered walk-through of the interior of an imaginary ancient Egyptian temple, designed by Christina Paul. Bibliography.
||Building in Ancient Egypt - A clear, illustrated introduction to the building process: materials, tools, methods, planning, forms. Descriptions of a worker's house at Deir el Medine and the townhouse of Djehutinefer.
- Arts and Entertainment
|Arab World Books - A cultural club and bookstore specialising in Egypt, the Arab World and Middle-East area. Articles, literature, poetry, discussions, writers' and publishers' resources.
||Artist Essam Azouz - With over 28 years of practical experience in the field of fine arts, painting, drawing, and designing this artist and faculty member shows a gallery of his works.
- Art History Periods and Movements Amarna
|Art of Pharaoh Akhenaten's Reign - Provides an illustrated text on the development of art during the reign of this Egyptian king. Lists sources and links to pages on the pharaoh.
||The Bust of Nefertete - Dedicated to one of the most beautiful pieces of art in history: the bust of Nefertete, wife of the Egyptian pharoah Akhentaton, who encouraged greater realisism in art.
- Art History Periods and Movements Ancient Art
- Art History Periods and Movements Nubia
- Business Transportation and Logistics Freight Forwarding
- Business and Economy
- Cairo Guides and Directories
- Cairo Health
- Cairo Lodging
- Cairo Maadi
- Cairo Restaurants and Bars
- Cairo University
- Chats and Forums
- Computers and Internet
- Computers and Internet Access Providers
- Computers and Internet Consultants
- Computers and Internet Training
- Computers and Internet Web Design and Development
- Computers and Internet Web Design and Development Hosting
- Construction and Maintenance
- Cruise Operators
- Dance Middle Eastern Abdou, Fifi
- Dance Middle Eastern Current Status
- Dance Middle Eastern Dina
- Dance Middle Eastern Fouad, Nagwa
- Dance Middle Eastern Teachers and Performers
- Economic Development
- Entertainment and Media
- Ethnic and Regional African Egyptian
- Event Planning
- Financial Services
- Financial Services Banks
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